Tagarchief: CentOS 6

My Dymo label writing process

This page contains raw notes and/or untested notes. They may be incorrect, parts may be missing or the article may contain parts that are not needed and more. An update will probably follow some day.

To print labels on my Dymo, I'm running a custom built webapp that allows users in the entire network to print. It has a memory, prints KIX-codes (that make it easier for the postal service to process letters) and prints a logo.

In my setup, the server generating the logo and the server printing it are two different machines. But even if they weren't, this method keeps the webserver in its SELinux confinement.

Requirements

We need some tools, install the packages with the following command:
yum install ripmime

Add the printer to CUPS

Add the printer to CUPS, so you can spool jobs to it. I'm not explaining this part.

Generate a label

Using PHP's GD extensions I generate a new image with width=1010 and height=540. Using this high resolution results in good quality prints.

The image is exported as a .png file, named [something-random].dymo.png and transported to the printserver through a special email-address.

Prepare the mailserver

I'm running a Postfix mailserver. This mailserver has a special address that accepts print jobs, extracts the files and prints them.

In /etc/postfix/master.cf, add the following lines:

printer unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=F  user=nobody argv=/etc/postfix/bin/printserver $sender $recipient

Then in /etc/postfix/transport, we put:

printer.geeklab.info    printer:

The domain printer.geeklab.info doesn't necessarily need to exist, as long as you smtp right to this mailserver.

Finally in /etc/postfix/main.cf we enable the transport maps, if that hasn't been done before:

transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport

Write a script

In master.cf we start the script /etc/postfix/bin/printserver. Add this content to said script:

#!/bin/bash
TMPDIR=/var/spool/mailprinter/$$_${RANDOM}_${RANDOM}
MESSAGE_FILE=${TMPDIR}_the_message
mkdir -p $TMPDIR
cat > $MESSAGE_FILE
ripmime -i $MESSAGE_FILE -d $TMPDIR
for i in ${METAMAIL_TMPDIR}/*.dymo.png; do
lpr -PDymo -o PageSize=w167h288 -o landscape -o page-left=0 -o page-top=0 -o page-right=0 -o page-bottom=26 -o orientation-requested=5 -o scaling=100
done
rm -rf $MESSAGE_FILE $TMPDIR

Manage SELinux settings

The script we just write uses ripmime and lpr and runs as the Postfix pipe user. To allow the Postfix pipe program to use these tools, run postfix_pipe_t in a permissive state:
semanage permissive -a postfix_pipe_t
Always remember to manage SELinux, not disable it.

Ubuntu/Debian

I'm running RedHat-based software on all of my machines. Above information may be useful for Ubuntu/Debian users, but it's not tested and I'm not supporting it.

Servers: RedHat Enterprise Linux/CentOS is more suitable for servers, as there's a lot of professional level support available. I think that's important, because if I say, get a car accident, I want the servers to be managable by another professional.

Desktops/Laptops: RPM packages are pretty exchangable between RedHat-based platforms. That's a good reason to run Fedora on the desktop.
© GeekLabInfo My Dymo label writing process is a post from GeekLab.info. You are free to copy materials from GeekLab.info, but you are required to link back to http://www.geeklab.info
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HylaFax needs fonts

Trying to use HylaFax on CentOS 6, I got the following message:

/usr/sbin/textfmt: No font metric information found for "Courier-Bold".
Usage: /usr/sbin/textfmt [-1] [-2] [-B] [-c] [-D] [-f fontname] [-F fontdir(s)] [-m N] [-o #] [-p #] [-r] [-U] [-Ml=#,r=#,t=#,b=#] [-V #] files... >out.ps
Default options: -f Courier -1 -p 11bp -o 0
Error converting data; command was "/usr/sbin/textfmt -B -f Courier-Bold        -Ml=0.4in -p 11 -s default

This means that the font Courier-Bold is not installed on the system. On my CentOS 6 installation, I got it working by performing the following actions:

  • adding /usr/share/enscript/afm to both FontMap: and FontPath: in /etc/hylafax/hyla.conf
  • run sed -i "s/Courier-Bold/cob/g" /etc/hylafax/typerules
  • also, you need to install the package enscript: yum -y install enscript
© GeekLabInfo HylaFax needs fonts is a post from GeekLab.info. You are free to copy materials from GeekLab.info, but you are required to link back to http://www.geeklab.info
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Install mod_auth_ntlm_winbind on CentOS 6.0

Step 1. Install ntp and synchronize clocks

We'll be using winbind, kerberos and ntlm to authenticate the user. This requires the clocks of the AD server and the proxy server to be synchronized.

yum -y install ntp
sed -i "s/^server /#server /g" /etc/ntp.conf
echo "server YOURSERVERNAME" >> /etc/ntp.conf
ntpdate YOURSERVERNAME #synchronize right now
service ntpd start #and keep in sync
chkconfig ntpd on #after reboot as well

Step 2. Update system and install required software

yum update
yum install mc vim httpd php svn httpd-devel make autoconf gcc ntp krb5-workstation \
samba-common authconfig samba-winbind

Step 3. Connect to active directory

Please note that MYCOMPANY.local and mycompany.local may be different domains due to the upper/lowercase.

ADSERVER=sbs.MYCOMPANY.local
DOMAIN=MYCOMPANY.local
WORKGROUP=MYCOMPANY
authconfig --enableshadow --enablemd5 --passalgo=md5 --krb5kdc=$ADSERVER \
--krb5realm=$DOMAIN --smbservers=$ADSERVER --smbworkgroup=$WORKGROUP \
--enablewinbind --enablewinbindauth --smbsecurity=ads --smbrealm=$DOMAIN \
--smbidmapuid="16777216-33554431" --smbidmapgid="16777216-33554431" --winbindseparator="+" \
--winbindtemplateshell="/bin/false" --enablewinbindusedefaultdomain --disablewinbindoffline \
--winbindjoin=Administrator --disablewins --disablecache --enablelocauthorize --updateall
service winbind start ; chkconfig winbind on
setsebool -P allow_httpd_mod_auth_ntlm_winbind on

Now check your winbind connection using the following commands:

wbinfo -u
wbinfo -g

The socket /var/lib/samba/winbindd_privileged/pipe should be writable by the webserver. To allow that access, I add user apache to the group wbpriv: usermod -G wbpriv apache

Step 4. Download and compile mod_auth_ntlm_winbind

svn co svn://svnanon.samba.org/lorikeet/trunk/mod_auth_ntlm_winbind mod_auth_ntlm_winbind
cd mod_auth_ntlm_winbind/
autoconf
./configure
apxs -DAPACHE2 -c -i mod_auth_ntlm_winbind.c

Step 5. Configure it

In /etc/httpd/conf.d/mod_auth_ntlm_winbind.conf I put the following configuration

LoadModule auth_ntlm_winbind_module /usr/lib64/httpd/modules/mod_auth_ntlm_winbind.so
<Directory "/var/www/html">
Options ExecCGI
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
AuthName "NTLM Authentication"
AuthType NTLM
Require valid-user
NTLMAuth on
NTLMAuthHelper "/usr/bin/ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp"
NTLMBasicAuthoritative on
</Directory>

In /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf, change KeepAlive Off to KeepAlive On. Preferably, also set MaxKeepAliveRequests and KeepAliveTimeout to a high value. On my intranet server, they're set to 1000 requests and 600 seconds.:w

Step 6. Change your firewall to enable incoming HTTP

iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
service iptables save

Step 7. Go!

Run service httpd restart, make httpd start on reboot using chkconfig httpd on and test your configuration.

© GeekLabInfo Install mod_auth_ntlm_winbind on CentOS 6.0 is a post from GeekLab.info. You are free to copy materials from GeekLab.info, but you are required to link back to http://www.geeklab.info
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