Tagarchief: Active Directory

Use dsacls to gain access to active directory policies

I've locked myself out of group policies a couple of times. When this happens to you, you can gain access again running the following command:

dsacls.exe "CN={GUID},CN=Policies,CN=System,DC=local" /R "Authenticated users"

© GeekLabInfo Use dsacls to gain access to active directory policies is a post from GeekLab.info. You are free to copy materials from GeekLab.info, but you are required to link back to http://www.geeklab.info
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Install mod_auth_ntlm_winbind on CentOS 6.0

Step 1. Install ntp and synchronize clocks

We'll be using winbind, kerberos and ntlm to authenticate the user. This requires the clocks of the AD server and the proxy server to be synchronized.

yum -y install ntp
sed -i "s/^server /#server /g" /etc/ntp.conf
echo "server YOURSERVERNAME" >> /etc/ntp.conf
ntpdate YOURSERVERNAME #synchronize right now
service ntpd start #and keep in sync
chkconfig ntpd on #after reboot as well

Step 2. Update system and install required software

yum update
yum install mc vim httpd php svn httpd-devel make autoconf gcc ntp krb5-workstation \
samba-common authconfig samba-winbind

Step 3. Connect to active directory

Please note that MYCOMPANY.local and mycompany.local may be different domains due to the upper/lowercase.

ADSERVER=sbs.MYCOMPANY.local
DOMAIN=MYCOMPANY.local
WORKGROUP=MYCOMPANY
authconfig --enableshadow --enablemd5 --passalgo=md5 --krb5kdc=$ADSERVER \
--krb5realm=$DOMAIN --smbservers=$ADSERVER --smbworkgroup=$WORKGROUP \
--enablewinbind --enablewinbindauth --smbsecurity=ads --smbrealm=$DOMAIN \
--smbidmapuid="16777216-33554431" --smbidmapgid="16777216-33554431" --winbindseparator="+" \
--winbindtemplateshell="/bin/false" --enablewinbindusedefaultdomain --disablewinbindoffline \
--winbindjoin=Administrator --disablewins --disablecache --enablelocauthorize --updateall
service winbind start ; chkconfig winbind on
setsebool -P allow_httpd_mod_auth_ntlm_winbind on

Now check your winbind connection using the following commands:

wbinfo -u
wbinfo -g

The socket /var/lib/samba/winbindd_privileged/pipe should be writable by the webserver. To allow that access, I add user apache to the group wbpriv: usermod -G wbpriv apache

Step 4. Download and compile mod_auth_ntlm_winbind

svn co svn://svnanon.samba.org/lorikeet/trunk/mod_auth_ntlm_winbind mod_auth_ntlm_winbind
cd mod_auth_ntlm_winbind/
autoconf
./configure
apxs -DAPACHE2 -c -i mod_auth_ntlm_winbind.c

Step 5. Configure it

In /etc/httpd/conf.d/mod_auth_ntlm_winbind.conf I put the following configuration

LoadModule auth_ntlm_winbind_module /usr/lib64/httpd/modules/mod_auth_ntlm_winbind.so
<Directory "/var/www/html">
Options ExecCGI
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
AuthName "NTLM Authentication"
AuthType NTLM
Require valid-user
NTLMAuth on
NTLMAuthHelper "/usr/bin/ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp"
NTLMBasicAuthoritative on
</Directory>

In /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf, change KeepAlive Off to KeepAlive On. Preferably, also set MaxKeepAliveRequests and KeepAliveTimeout to a high value. On my intranet server, they're set to 1000 requests and 600 seconds.:w

Step 6. Change your firewall to enable incoming HTTP

iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
service iptables save

Step 7. Go!

Run service httpd restart, make httpd start on reboot using chkconfig httpd on and test your configuration.

© GeekLabInfo Install mod_auth_ntlm_winbind on CentOS 6.0 is a post from GeekLab.info. You are free to copy materials from GeekLab.info, but you are required to link back to http://www.geeklab.info
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Squid active directory authentication on Centos 5.6

Step 1. Install ntp and synchronize clocks

We'll be using winbind, kerberos and ntlm to authenticate the user. This requires the clocks of the AD server and the proxy server to be synchronized.

rpm -qa ntp || yum -y install ntp
sed -i "s/^server /#server /g" /etc/ntp.conf
echo "server YOURSERVERNAME" >> /etc/ntp.conf
ntpdate YOURSERVERNAME   #synchronize right now
service ntpd start                #and keep in sync
chkconfig ntpd on       #after reboot as well

Step 2. Install required software

yum install krb5-workstation samba-common authconfig squid
chkconfig squid on

Step 3. Connect to active directory

Please note that MYCOMPANY.local and mycompany.local may be different domains due to the upper/lowercase.

ADSERVER=sbs.MYCOMPANY.local
DOMAIN=MYCOMPANY.local
WORKGROUP=MYCOMPANY
authconfig --enableshadow --enablemd5 --passalgo=md5 --krb5kdc=$ADSERVER \
--krb5realm=$DOMAIN --smbservers=$ADSERVER --smbworkgroup=$WORKGROUP \
--enablewinbind --enablewinbindauth --smbsecurity=ads --smbrealm=$DOMAIN \
--smbidmapuid="16777216-33554431" --smbidmapgid="16777216-33554431" --winbindseparator="+" \
--winbindtemplateshell="/bin/false" --enablewinbindusedefaultdomain --disablewinbindoffline \
--winbindjoin=Administrator --disablewins --disablecache --enablelocauthorize --updateall

I found some information saying that /var/cache/samba/winbindd_privileged should be chowned 750 to root:squid or that you should add user squid to group wbpriv. Also, squid.conf should not have cache_effective_group defined. However, this part was not relevant on my Centos 5.6. The reason could be that I installed 5.4, then upgraded, i'm not sure. Just leaving it as a note.

Now check your winbind connection using the following commands:
wbinfo -u
wbinfo -g

Step 4. Configure squid

auth_param ntlm program /usr/bin/ntlm_auth --helper-protocol=squid-2.5-ntlmssp 
auth_param ntlm children 5
auth_param ntlm keep_alive on
acl our_networks src 192.168.0.0/16
acl ntlm proxy_auth REQUIRED
http_access allow our_networks ntlm
authenticate_ip_ttl 900 seconds

This will allow all valid, logged in users to surf the web. You could also limit which users can surf by adding
--require-membership-of=ADGROUPNAME to the ntlm_auth command

Start Squid using /sbin/service squid restart and you're good to go.

You may want to check what else I'm writing on Squid. I'm planning to document a lot more in the next few weeks.

© GeekLabInfo Squid active directory authentication on Centos 5.6 is a post from GeekLab.info. You are free to copy materials from GeekLab.info, but you are required to link back to http://www.geeklab.info
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List user creation date for Active Directory users

On my SBS 2003 server, I wanted to know when a user was created. This info is extracted with ldifde

ldifde -d OU=SBSUsers,OU=Users,OU=MyBusiness,DC=xxx,DC=yyy -l whencreated -r "(ObjectCategory=user)" -f usercreationdate.txt

A file usercreationdate.txt is now created with the requested report.

© GeekLabInfo List user creation date for Active Directory users is a post from GeekLab.info. You are free to copy materials from GeekLab.info, but you are required to link back to http://www.geeklab.info
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